Stretching over 10,000 square kilometers across Ifugao province, they showcase an intricate irrigation system that allowed for sustainable agriculture in this mountainous region. Today, they continue to be cultivated by local farmers who have inherited this ancient knowledge from their ancestors. Another remarkable ruin is found in Cebu City – Magellan’s Cross. Planted by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan upon his arrival in 1521, it symbolizes not only Christianity’s introduction but also marks a significant turning point in Philippine history – when Spanish colonization began. This wooden cross housed within a chapel has become an important religious icon for Filipinos and attracts thousands of visitors each year. In Intramuros, Manila’s historic walled city built during Spanish colonial rule stands Fort Santiago.
Originally constructed as a defense fortress against foreign invaders in the late 16th century, it later served as both prison and execution grounds during World War II under Japanese occupation. Today it serves as a museum where visitors can explore its dungeons and learn about its dark past while enjoying picturesque views of Manila Bay. Further south lies Bohol Island with its famous Chocolate Hills – more than 1,200 perfectly cone-shaped hills spread across an area spanning around 50 square kilometers. Philippines Lost Splendor Discovering the Ancient Ruins The Philippines, known for its stunning beaches and vibrant culture, is also home to a rich history that dates back thousands of years.
While many tourists flock to popular destinations like Boracay or Palawan, there are hidden gems scattered throughout the archipelago that offer a glimpse into the country’s lost splendor – ancient ruins. One such site is the Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao province. Carved into the mountainside over 2,000 years the ruins ago by indigenous people using only their hands and simple tools, these terraces are often referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World. The intricate irrigation system still functions today, providing water for rice cultivation. Standing at one of the viewpoints overlooking this vast expanse of greenery is truly awe-inspiring and transports visitors back in time. Another remarkable archaeological site can be found on Marinduque Island – The Boac Cathedral Ruins.